Hezekiah

   Whom Jehovah has strengthened.
   1) Son of Ahaz (2 Kings 18:1; 2 Chr. 29:1), whom he succeeded on the throne of the kingdom of Judah. He reigned twenty-nine years (B.C. 726-697). The history of this king is contained in 2 Kings 18:20, Isa. 36-39, and 2 Chr. 29-32. He is spoken of as a great and good king. In public life he followed the example of his great-granfather Uzziah. He set himself to abolish idolatry from his kingdom, and among other things which he did for this end, he destroyed the "brazen serpent," which had been removed to Jerusalem, and had become an object of idolatrous worship (Num. 21:9). A great reformation was wrought in the kingdom of Judah in his day (2 Kings 18:4; 2 Chr. 29:3-36).
   On the death of Sargon and the accession of his son Sennacherib to the throne of Assyria, Hezekiah refused to pay the tribute which his father had paid, and "rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not," but entered into a league with Egypt (Isa. 30; 31; 36:6-9). This led to the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:13-16), who took forty cities, and besieged Jerusalem with mounds. Hezekiah yielded to the demands of the Assyrian king, and agreed to pay him three hundred talents of silver and thirty of gold (18:14).
   But Sennacherib dealt treacherously with Hezekiah (Isa. 33:1), and a second time within two years invaded his kingdom (2 Kings 18:17; 2 Chr. 32:9; Isa. 36). This invasion issued in the destruction of Sennacherib's army. Hezekiah prayed to God, and "that night the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians 185,000 men." Sennacherib fled with the shattered remnant of his forces to Nineveh, where, seventeen years after, he was assassinated by his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer (2 Kings 19:37). (See Sennacherib.)
   The narrative of Hezekiah's sickness and miraculous recovery is found in 2 Kings 20:1, 2 Chr. 32:24, Isa. 38:1. Various ambassadors came to congratulate him on his recovery, and among them Merodach-baladan, the viceroy of Babylon (2 Chr. 32:23; 2 Kings 20:12). He closed his days in peace and prosperity, and was succeeded by his son Manasseh. He was buried in the "chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David" (2 Chr. 32:27-33). He had "after him none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him" (2 Kings 18:5). (See Isaiah.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HEZEKIAH — (Heb. חִזְקִיָּהוּ ,חִזְקִיָּה; YHWH is (my) strength, shortened form of יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ; in cuneiform transcription Ḫazaqiau, YHWH is strong ), son of Ahaz, king of Judah (II Kings 18–20; II Chron. 29–32). Hezekiah reigned for 29 years in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEZEKIAH — (early third century C.E.), Palestinian amora; at times referred to as Beribbi (Ḥul. 57a). He was the son of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hezekiah — oder Hezqeyas (* vor 1789; † 13. September 1813 [1]) war vom 26. Juli 1789 bis Januar 1794 Negus Negest (Kaiser) von Äthiopien sowie ein Mitglied der Solomonischen Dynastie. Er war der Sohn von Iyasu III. Hezekiah rückte gemeinsam mit seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HEZEKIAH — (died c. 46 B.C.E.), fighter for freedom at the beginning of the period of Roman rule in Judea. Hezekiah, probably a supporter of the Hasmoneans, conducted a stubborn war against supporters of the Roman government. He was the leader of a band of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hezekiah — • King of Juda, son and successor of Achaz Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hezekiah — masc. proper name, biblical, from Heb. Hizqiyya, lit. the Lord has strengthened, from hazaq he was strong, he strengthened + jah, short for YAHWEH (Cf. yahweh) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hezekiah — [hez΄i kī′ə] n. [Heb ḥizqīyāh, lit., God strengthens] Bible a king of Judah in the time of Isaiah: 2 Kings 18 20 …   English World dictionary

  • Hezekiah — Infobox Monarch name = Hezekiah title = King of Judah reign = coronation = predecessor =Ahaz successor = Manasseh suc type = heir = consort = Hephzibah issue = Manasseh royal house = House of David royal anthem = father = mother = date of birth …   Wikipedia

  • Hezekiah — /hez euh kuy euh/, n. a king of Judah of the 7th and 8th centuries B.C. II Kings 18. [ < Heb hizqiyyah lit., Yahweh strengthens] * * * flourished late 8th and early 7th centuries BC King of Judah at Jerusalem. The dates of his reign are uncertain …   Universalium

  • Hezekiah —    1) (fl. 8th 7th cent BCE)    Bang of Judah (715 687 BCE). Unlike his father Ahaz, he attempted to free Judah from Assyrian influence. He removed pagan images and altars from the Temple and renewed the religion of ancient Israel. These reforms… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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